Due to the strong interface effect of continuous steel–concrete composite beams with conventional shear connectors, the efficiency of applying pre-stress in the negative moment zone is greatly reduced, which leads to a difficulty of anti-cracking design in the negative moment zone of pre-stressed steel–concrete composite box girder. In order to study the feasibility and the working mechanism of improving the crack resistance of continuous steel–concrete composite bridges by releasing the interfacial slip effect within the negative bending moment region, two groups of model tests were carried out in the paper. Two steel–concrete composite beams were used for model test, one of them using the conventional stud shear connectors, another one using the new shear connectors, named uplift-restricted and slip-permitted shear connectors. The results show that, compared with the composite beam with conventional shear studs, the composite beams with uplift-restricted and slip-permitted shear connectors have a higher pre-stress application efficiency, and the new connector could release the interface slip, which can make the tensile stress distribution in concrete slab more uniform within the negative moment zone, thus increasing the cracking load of concrete slab and reducing the subsequent crack width effectively. This study is helpful to understand the relationship between the interface slip and the anti-crack characteristics in negative moment zones, and a new anti-crack design method is proposed for the design of continuous composite girder.
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/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering)