Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering)

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[This article belongs to Volume - 46, Issue - 5]

Abstract :

It is difficult for a single model to simultaneously capture the nonlinear, correlation, and periodicity of data series in the passenger flow prediction of urban rail transit (URT). To better predict the short-term passenger flow of URT, based on the long short-term memory network (LSTM) model, a deep learning model prediction method combining the time convolution network (TCN) and the long short-term memory network (LSTM) based on machine learning is proposed. The model couples the external factors such as date attributes, weather conditions, and air quality, to improve the overall prediction performance and solve the difficulty of accurate prediction due to the large fluctuation and randomness of short-term passenger flow in rail transit. Using the swiping data and related weather information of some stations of Chongqing Rail Transit Line 3, the TCN-LSTM model is verified by an example, and the prediction results of the single LSTM model are given for comparison. The results show that the TCN-LSTM model can better predict the passenger flow characteristics of different stations at different times. Compared with the single LSTM model, the TCN-LSTM model has better prediction accuracy and data generalization ability.